Sherin Abu-Chouka

Sherin Abu-Chouka
Image Credit: © Sherin Abu-Chouka

International Research Training Group "Between Spaces"

Movements, Actors and Representations of Globalisation

PhD Candidate

Field of Activity

Project: "The mexican 'Festivales de oposición' as space of international networking and cultural transfers for the mexican left (1977-1982)”

Address Boltzmannstr. 4
14195 Berlin
Email sherin.abuchouka@fu-berlin.de

07/2010 - 02/2012

Coordinator of International Research Training Group "Between Spaces" in Mexico

10/2009

Master graduation in Contemporary History, Latin American Studies, Education

09/2008 - 03/2009

DAAD - Grant for research in Mexico

"The mexican 'Festivales de oposición' as space of international networking and cultural transferes for the mexican left (1977-1982)"

 


Supervisors: Prof. Dr. Stefan Rinke (FU Berlin), Prof. Dr. Ricardo Pérez Montfort (CIESAS), Prof. Dr. Marianne Braig (FU Berlin)


Songs like „Hasta Siempre, Comandante“, „El Pueblo Unido“ or the Andean flute song „El Condor Pasa“ are known around the world. These songs belong to the political art movement (arte político) of the 1970s that denounced US-imperialism, spread revolutionary ideas, and promoted international solidarity and unity within Latin American countries in Marxist terms. A great part of musicians, film-makers and artists considered themselves part of the arte político movement, touring in different countries around the globe and taking part in the Festivales de Oposición which were organized from 1977 to 1982 by the Mexican Communist Party (PCM) and its newspaper in Mexico City. At the time, Mexico was a good place for leftists to meet. It was one of few countries not ruled by military dictatorships and it gave shelter to many refugees of South and Central America. Moreover, the ruling party PRI (Partido Revolucionario Institucional) had recently enacted reforms that made festivals possible and attracted a dissident youth eager to escape PRI-promoted culture. Lastly, PCM maintained good relation with eastern countries and leaned towards a eurocomunist view, inviting both delegation of socialist countries and big European Communist Parties. The political debates, movies and protest songs staged on the festivals facilitated international networking within the Latin American left, visitors from the US and Europe, and delegation of socialist countries. This research is concerned with functions, characterizations and impacts of international networking for the leftist and for the ruling Mexican party. If the festivals served as relatively free meeting spaces that promoted solidarity and Latin American unity, what were their effects on the local level and Mexican concept of nation? Did the political art serve to create an image of Latin America within the socialist left of other countries? If so, what did this image consist of? Can these networks be seen as spaces of cultural transfer that had transformative effects on socialist members of these times?

Articles in anthologies:

  • (2009) 'Aktualität der 68er-Bewegung. Der 2. Oktober in Mexiko-Stadt' In: Huffschmid, Anne; Rauchecker, Markus (eds.), Kontinent der Befreiung? Auf Spurensuche nach 1968 in Lateinamerika, Assoziation A: Berlin, p. 176-180.

  • (2009) '1968 in Mexiko' in: Rinke, Stefan; Fischer, Georg; Schulze, Frederik (eds.), Geschichte Lateinamerikas vom 19. bis zum 21. Jahrhundert. Quellenband, Metzler: Berlin.

  • (2007) (with Juliane Große) 'Revolution durch Bildung', in: Holm, Andrej (eds.), Revolution als Prozess. Selbstorganisierung und Partizipation in Venezuela, VSA: Hamburg, p. 58-76.

  • (2007) 'Simón Bolívar und der Bolivarianismus', in: Holm, Andrej (eds.), Revolution als Prozess. Selbstorganisierung und Partizipation in Venezuela, VSA: Hamburg, p. 136-147.

 

Online Articles:

  • (2008) 'Das erste 68er-Museum. Raum als Konflikt/ Raum als Erfahrung und Bild'.

 

Articles in journals:

  • (2008) 'Chronologie der Ereignisse', in: Lateinamerika Nachrichten, Schwerpunkt 1968, Nr.406/2008, p. 32-35.

  • (2008) (with Juliane Schumacher) 'Erinnerungen im leeren Raum', in: Lateinamerika Nachrichten, Schwerpunkt 1968, Nr.406/2008, p. 43-44.

  • (2008) (with Sebastian Henning) 'Kein zurück mehr', in: Lateinamerika Nachrichten, Schwerpunkt 1968, Nr.406/2008, p. 46-50.

  • (2008) 'Das mexikanische 1968', in: Huffschmid, Anne, 1968 Lateinamerika. Bücher, Bilder, Bewegungen, Ausstellungskatalog. Iberoamerikanisches Institut: Berlin, no p.

  • (2006) (with Graciela Salsamendi, Antje Vieth) 'Er hörte auf, ein Verschwundener zu sein', in: ILA, 294/2006, p. 38.