"Irregular Migration and Development – Residence status and the migration and development nexus"
Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Barbara Fritz (Freie Universität Berlin)
The nexus on migration and development has been met with much interest over the last decades, especially with regard to remittances. Migration and remittances are flows that bridge nation-states but go beyond geographical spaces. Both flows can constitute spaces of networks outside the institutional control, but are at the same time entangled with conditions in certain local places. By increasing the enforcement of border controls in the Western Hemisphere, nation states have narrowed legal spaces of entrance and belonging. Residence outside the legal space affects overall social and economic migrant behavior. Insecure income situations, low wages and other difficulties are therefore supposed to find their reflection in the remitting behavior. As remittances have receivers, how does this influences the economic development at the receiving end? This dissertation project aims to contribute to the scientific debate on the migration and development-nexus by having a close look at the remittances sent from irregular migrants in Spain to Latin America. A triangulation of qualitative and quantitative methods with a systematic review of secondary sources constitutes the methodological setting to address the questions of this project.