"Spaces and transnational security presences: activities and influence of the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) in Mexico"
Supervisors: Prof. Dr. Marianne Braig (Freie Universität Berlin), Prof. Dr. Carlos Alba (El Colegio de México), PD Dr. Martha Zapata (FU Berlin)
Public security problems involved in production and transportation chains of narcotics in Mexico have been handled by state authorities under specific interpretations and have been tackled though particular public policies. Nevertheless, state response has not been free from local, global and transnational casts, whose legitimacy obeys authority criteria not necessarily based on the conceptual frame of the “territory, state, authority” classical triad.
This study focuses on the transnational activities of the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) in Mexico for analyzing its effect on how the Mexican State had approached the multidimensional set of activities involved in what is known as drug trafficking.
I argue that the organization model that structures the DEA—characterized by an hybrid nature and institutional autonomy that allows it to operate beyond the national state boundaries—provides the conditions for the Agency to influence modify and even threaten the antinarcotics policy of other National States. In this regard, the research question that leads our work prays as follows:
Into which extent and how the DEA influences, modifies and threatens the security policy approach of the Mexican State on production and transportation of narcotics?
In this regard, the research questions that lead our work pray as follows:
1. Into which extent the DEA impacts the security policy approach of the Mexican State regarding production and transportation of narcotics?
2. Which particular configurations of the power space that emerge among the interplay of an American Agency operate in a former national States allow the former to significantly influence the latter?
3. How influences the DEA the Mexican approach on narcotics policies? Though which mechanisms take this influence place?
Particularly this Project aim at: a) estimate into which extent has the DEA influenced, modified and contested the policy making and public opinion approaches on narcotics in Mexico, b) analyzing the methods put in practice by the DEA for extra-territorializing a system of values and believes that have managed to translate into specific public policies, concept formation, police methods and public issues in a broader sense and finally, c) providing elements to understand the configuration of a power space between a national agency and a former national State considering between-state power asymmetries as well as for rethinking the conceptual triad embedded in State theory.