Carlos Pérez Ricart

Carlos Pérez Ricart
Image Credit: © Carlos Pérez Ricart

International Research Training Group "Between Spaces"

Movements, Actors and Representations of Globalisation

PhD Candidate

Field of Activity

Project: "Transnational Spaces of Security: Policies of U.S. Narcotic Agencies in Mexico (Creation, harmonization and reproduction of antinarcotic policies)"


Since 2012

PhD student at the Latin-American Institute of the Free University of Berlin.

Since 2011

Member of the International Research Training Group "Between Spaces"


Research assistant of Anne Huffschmid (Research Fellow for the project "Memoria in der Megacity", Fritz Thyssen Stiftung)

01/2011 - 12/2011

Studies in Social Science at Freie Universität Berlin


DFG qualification scholarship holder


Scholarhip holder STIBBET-Programm DAAD


Studies in Spanish Literature, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, UNAM


Bachelor (Licenciatura) in International Relations, El Colegio de México. Bachelor thesis: "La (s) derecha (s) en la educación en Mèxico 1917-1939"

"Spaces and transnational security presences: activities and influence of the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) in Mexico"


Supervisors: Prof. Dr. Marianne Braig (Freie Universität Berlin), Prof. Dr. Carlos Alba (El Colegio de México), PD Dr. Martha Zapata (FU Berlin)


Public security problems involved in production and transportation chains of narcotics in Mexico have been handled by state authorities under specific interpretations and have been tackled though particular public policies. Nevertheless, state response has not been free from local, global and transnational casts, whose legitimacy obeys authority criteria not necessarily based on the conceptual frame of the “territory, state, authority” classical triad.

This study focuses on the transnational activities of the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) in Mexico for analyzing its effect on how the Mexican State had approached the multidimensional set of activities involved in what is known as drug trafficking.

I argue that the organization model that structures the DEA—characterized by an hybrid nature and institutional autonomy that allows it to operate beyond the national state boundaries—provides the conditions for the Agency to influence modify and even threaten the antinarcotics policy of other National States. In this regard, the research question that leads our work prays as follows:

Into which extent and how the DEA influences, modifies and threatens the security policy approach of the Mexican State on production and transportation of narcotics?

In this regard, the research questions that lead our work pray as follows:

1. Into which extent the DEA impacts the security policy approach of the Mexican State regarding production and transportation of narcotics?

2. Which particular configurations of the power space that emerge among the interplay of an American Agency operate in a former national States allow the former to significantly influence the latter?

3. How influences the DEA the Mexican approach on narcotics policies? Though which mechanisms take this influence place?

Particularly this Project aim at: a) estimate into which extent has the DEA influenced, modified and contested the policy making and public opinion approaches on narcotics in Mexico, b) analyzing the methods put in practice by the DEA for extra-territorializing a system of values and believes that have managed to translate into specific public policies, concept formation, police methods and public issues in a broader sense and finally, c) providing elements to understand the configuration of a power space between a national agency and a former national State considering between-state power asymmetries as well as for rethinking the conceptual triad embedded in State theory.

Artikel in Sammelband

  • (2014), "¿Territorio y autoridad estatal en un mismo espacio? La Operación Leyenda (1985) en el marco de las relaciones México-Estados Unidos” en Stephanie Fleischmann, José Alberto Moreno Chávez, Cecilia Tossounian (eds.), América Latina entre espacios, redes, flujos e imaginarios globales, 69-82. Berlin: Tranvía Verlag.

  • (2012), „Una propuesta para el estudio de las fundaciones políticas trasnacionales de derecha en América Latina en actas sobre Las Derechas Latinoamericanas en el Cono Sur", coord. Ernesto Bohoslavsky. Buenos Aires: Universidad Nacional General Sarmiento, pp.42-47.


  • (2014), Stephen G. Rabe (2012): "The Killing Zone: The United States Wages Cold War in Latin America" in: Critical Reviews of Latin America Research, Vol.3, Nr. 1

  • (2013), Carlos Oliva Campos, Gary Prevost, Harry Vanden (comp.): "Social Movements and Leftist Governments in Latin America: Confrontation or Co-Optation?", in: Critical Reviews of Latin America Research, Vol.3.

  • (2012), Roger Bartra (comp.): "Gobierno, derecha moderna y democracia en México", in: Critical Reviews of Latin America Research, Vol.1.

Artikel in Zeitschriften

  • (2014), "Jenseits des SIPRI-Index" en Lunapark: Zeitschrift Zur Kritik der Globalen Ökonomie. Nr. 14, Sommer 2014: 57-60 (Geschrieben mit Sabina Morales Rosas)
  • (2014), "Más allá del gasto militar: en búsqueda de un concepto para entender la militarización en México" MvB Documentos de trabajo. Berlin: Méxivo vía Berlin e. V., Nr. 1, 2014: 41 (con Sabina Morales Rosas)
  • (2014), "Militarización: Una propuesta conceptual basada en el caso mexicano (1995-2012)" MvB Documentos de trabajo. Berlín: México vía Berlín e. V. No. 2, 2014: 36. (Con Sabina Morales Rosas)
  • (2014), "Armas entre sombras y tutelas: Gerhard G. Mertins en México (1979-1984)" MvB Agenda: México vía Berlín e. V. No.5, 2014: 20
  • (2014), "MEREX AG o la frontera de lo (i)legal en la política alemana de exportación de armamento” MvB Documentos de trabajo. Berlín: México vía Berlín e. V. No. 3, 2014: 30.
  • (2013), "Armas alemanas en México: El caso de la exportación a México de los fusiles Heckler & Koch G36” Documento MvB Agenda. Berlín: 15. (With english and german translations)
  • (2013) "Kampf ums goldene Kalb: Der Ölsektor, Mexikos wichtigste Einnahmequelle, soll für Privatinvestor_innen geöffnet werden” in Lateinamerika Nachrichten, Septiembre-Octubre de 2013, Número 471.