The establishment of a global empire. Old insights and new hypotheses about the process of territorialization with the onset of colonization. A comparison of New Spain and the Philippines.
Tutor: Prof. Dr. Antonio Ibarra (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México)
The fate of the country that would later be known as New Spain changed forever in 1519.
Since the arrival of Europeans, indigenous peoples have been confronted with a dramatic process of interaction between individuals, social groups, institutions and ideas as well as unrestrained methods that created a new reality and changed dramatically all areas of life of the colonized societies as well as well as the colonizers, the protagonists of the process.
The hitherto unknown world was changing continually during the process of its discovery. The transatlantic operations of the Iberian Peninsula were approaching their originally prescribed target: Asia, by the arrival of Ferdinand Magellan in 1521, on the islands, presently known as the Philippines.
In this global environment, European, American and Asian spaces were intertwined to create a new political and economic geography that connected big part of the world's population in an integrative process of exchange of people, goods, institutions and ideas, but also opened the doors for new conflicts, which resulted from the colonization.
The transformation of the space sparked new processes of territorialization, meaning not only a physical reorganization of the territories but also affected the social structure and symbolic order of the societies concerned.
It can be assumed that the control of the territory and the indigenous population caused a reconfiguration of the local areas, always as an expression and subordination to the needs of the outside. The experience of the Spanish colonization in America has been the laboratory in which these forms of territorial reorganization have been tested.
The aim of this research is to compare the processes of territorialization in New Spain and the Philippines to determine and analyze parallels of these processes, which emerge in both cases from the experience of the Spanish colonization of America.