Project: "From slums horseshoe to modernity test. A social and political history of Tlatelolco. 1950-1970"
Since 2013: PhD in History, at El Colegio de México, Ciudad de México, México.
2010 – 2012: Master in History, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo, Morelia, Mexico.
2005 – 2009: Bachelor in History, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogota, Colombia.
2016: Short Research Scholarship at the Latin American Collection Nettie Lee Benson, Austin, Texas, given by the Mexican Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
2009: Co-researcher of the Project: "Catalogue of Oral Sources of Social History and Politics of Colombia in twentieth century", Memoria y Palabra Collective. Call for Research Support Orlando Fals Borda, Faculty of Human Sciences, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogota, Colombia.
2008: Documentary Film “Voces del 9 de Abril: Hablar Para No Olvidar”, Memoria y Palabra Collective, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogota, Colombia.
2012: Colombia’s Ministry of Culture- National Network of Public Libraries, Internship in Public Libraries, National Program of Incentives of the Ministry of Culture, Villanueva, Casanare.
2009-2010: Universidad Pedagógica Nacional - Colciencias, Researcher and consultant at the Program “History Today”, Bogotá, Colombia.
During the 1950s, the area where Tlatelolco is today was occupied by popular neighborhoods, many of which were around the railroad tracks and the parking lots of the Buenavista terminal. This area, known as "slums horseshoe", formed a half ring that circled the historical downtown from the northeast. Also, during that decade, some studies and diagnostics were made about this area aiming to reform it, as it was was considered to represent disorder, and social and health conflicts. The solution proposed included the construction of modern housing units that provided public services and green areas to the incoming residents.
This was the origin of Tlatelolco, an area that epitomized the twentieth-century standard of living. Although it had relevant precedents, such as the Miguel Alemán (1949) and the Juárez (1952) apartment blocks built also by the architect Mario Pani, Tlatelolco is due to its magnitude one of the symbols of the international movement of the modernist architecture in both Mexico and Latin America.
However, Tlatelolco also portrays a political, economic and social momentum in Mexico. It is also one of the windows to see the housing problem in Mexico City during the first half of the twentieth century, and particularly during the two decades that encompass this study: 1950s and 1960s. The premise of this project is that through the analysis of its conception, the construction and the adjudication of this apartment block, it is possible to understand the housing policy implemented by the Mexican State since the end of the Revolution’s armed era. Some of the outcomes of this policy were the appearance of institutions in the early 1970s that survive to date, such as INFONAVIT and FOVISSSTE.
It is not a question of making a teleological reading, but of identifying the contradictions, importance/scopes and sociopolitical tensions that were generated from the need of increasingly urgent urban housing spaces, especially for the popular and middle classes. Tensions in which political institutions, national and international lending agencies, construction companies, architects, land developers and families with a high demand for housing were active actors that pushed to achieve their own agenda.
The general objective of this research is to carry out a study on the factors and actors that at both the local and global levels influenced the shaping of the housing policies of the Mexican State during the 1950s and 1960s, using Tlatelolco as an emblematic case.
2013: “Luchas estudiantiles universitarias en Bogotá, 1980-1991”, in Ciudad Paz-ando, 6 (2), pp. 64-79.
2010: “Bogotá 1890-1910: población y transformaciones urbanas”, in Territorios 23, pp. 13-32, Universidad del Rosario, Bogotá, Colombia, 2010.
2014: “La autonomía como demanda de las luchas estudiantiles en Colombia. De la influencia de Córdoba a la reforma de 1980”, in Acevedo Tarazona, Álvaro, Sánchez Parra, Sergio y Samacá Alonso, Gabriel David (coordinadores), “A estudiar, a luchar…”: movimientos estudiantiles en Colombia y México, siglo XIX y XX, México, Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa, 2014.