"Representations of Santa Rosa de Santa María in the Catholic World, 1668-1737"
Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Óscar Mazín (El Colegio de México)
My research focuses on the dynamics of the cult of Santa Rosa de Lima (or Santa Rosa de Santa María, as she was called during the relevant period) in the Catholic sphere of influence in the Old World. It also takes into account transatlantic and global perspectives of history. The research attempts to go beyond the mere list of printed and artistic works of Rosa in Europe. Instead, Christianity is understood as a global phenomenon, which, during the time of the Spanish monarchy, included the cult of Santa Rosa as an agent of militant Catholicism.
Santa Rosa was beatified by Clement IX on February 12, 1668 in Lima, Peru, and canonized by Clement X on April 12, 1671. Since her beatification, her veneration grew in other Spanish spheres of influence, including Europe, Asia, and the Americas. This is partly evidenced by fact that the author of her first hagiography on European soil was Leonard Hansen, a German Dominican. Writing in Latin, Hansen published his work in 1664, four years before Santa Rosa’s beatification. Besides this, most of the witnesses who attested to her miracles within the context of her beatification were Italian.
The representations of the cult of Santa Rosa are found in writings (sermons, biographies, commemorations, masses, poems, etc.), paintings, and sculptures that tell about the lives of the saints and their virtues. The sources that report on the life Santa Rosa are not limited to the local region or the Spanish monarchy, but refer to the entire Catholic world in which the figure of the saint came to be seen as a symbol of the success of the Spanish Crown in its role of Christianizing the New World.