"Ernesto Guevara, the Che. A study of his literature"
Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Liliana Weinberg (UNAM)
This project aims to analyze the relationship that Ernesto Guevara, Che, established with literature during his life, first emphasizing his role as a reader. One of the objectives is to find out the way in which, through his taste for literature, Ernesto Guevara developed a reading habitus, which stayed with him all his life, including during war times. Additionally, the project aims to unravel the formation of a reading method that later became a writing necessity. For this, the analysis of different texts found in his diaries, as well as some letters that he wrote to his mother, are crucial. The objective of this is to uncover the means by which Guevara created his own style of writing, within a historical context.
Alhough Guevara was not a “professional” writer, his enthusiasm for literature made him reflect on it, and wish to be one. Che, in a letter written to Ernesto Sábato, declared that he considered the title of writer as “the most sacred thing in the world”. A reader of Neruda and Vallejo, he considered himself a “frustrated poet”. His writing style led him to choose the essay as the literary genre through which he developed his ideas. That is why El socialismo y el hombre en Cuba, from 1965, can be analyzed in two different fields: it´s structure and the implications it had in the literary field. The hypothesis of this project is that the idea of “the new man”, developed in the text, was so well received that a few years letter it even became an important literary character in the Latin-American narrative field.