“The legitimation of the energy transition in Mexico. The Isthmus of Tehuantepec's wind power megaproject in the Binniza´a people and ejido communities”
Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Fernando Castañeda Sabido (UNAM)
The process of modernization in contemporary societies has certainly generated great benefits in many respects; however, it has also generated new problems like the greenhouse gases that alter the earth temperature, known widely as the Global Warming.
In attempts to solve this problem, we find, among others, the development of the so-called renewable energies. In Mexico, the government has promoted the diversification of the energy matrix through the development and rational exploitation of abundant natural resources.
This research focuses on wind power development in the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, a region that has shown a great potential for this kind of energy, but also where an important settlement of indigenous population as well as a delicate historical and political situation, exist.
The goal of this research is to explain how the political space has transformed since the incursion of wind power farms in three locations of the Isthmus of Thehuantepec: La Ventosa (an indigenous community); Unión Hidalgo (a mix of indigenous-non indigenous communities); and La Venta (a non indigenous community).
The central question of this research is focused on identifying how the political spaces are redefined in the three communities studied and who the main actors involved in this process are.
The initial hypothesis is that the wind power projects are redefining the political space in the communities of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec in aspects not related to the environmental problem, but concerning the configuration of a global/local space that generates social inclusion/exclusion networks, de-structures social space, and defies the alleged benefits proposed by the energy companies.