"Mexico in the Union of American Republics, 1901-1941: between the Latin Americanism, the national interests and hemispheric cooperation"
Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Carlos Marichal Salinas (El Colegio de México)
The purpose of the research is to analyze the participation of Mexican governments in the Pan American field, understood as the forums, conferences and multilateral institutions promoted under the Union of American Republics an organization formed by 21 countries and the predecessor of the current Organization of American States. Although the study includes a wide temporal space, between 1901 and 1941, the emphasis is on the analysis of the role played by governments "emanating" from the Mexican Revolution, in the 1920s and 1930s a decade during which Mexico was the epicenter of a series of anti-imperialist intellectual movements.
Although traditional historiography has highlighted the hegemonic role of the US in the Pan American field, seen by many simply as a mask to legitimize the informal imperialism on the continent, this project considers three points:
a) Latin American countries were not passive actors in the Pan american field; sometimes they resisted, individually and collectively, many of the plans of the US, and in many cases, like the Mexican case, built own agendas.
b) Mexican governments used the country's role as "intersection" between the "Two Americas", to build channels of dialogue and negotiation of issues of interest to Mexico, with the US and with the rest of Latin America.
c) The Pan American Conferences allowed the permanent interaction between the governments of North, Central and South America. The main purpose of these forums was to discuss and define the adoption of common policies in a variety of fields, as well as promote economic integration; in this sense, the Pan American arena is a privileged setting to analyze transnational interactions in a regional context, as is in this case the American continent.