“The Mobility and Migration Strategies of Peruvians in Mexico. An Analysis of Social and Economic Correlations – from Departure to Arrival.”
Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Sara María Lara Flores (UNAM)
Over the last two decades, Peru has experienced a dramatic increase in its rate of migration. The trend is unprecedented in the country’s entire history of national and international migration. The first migration wave started in the beginning of the twentieth century. Migration has been greatly reinforced, however, (especially over the last twenty years) by economic, political, and social factors, as well as by the emergence of new objectives and new opportunities for mobility. These changes have given rise to a variety of new migration profiles.
Peruvian migratory behavior largely exhibits two main currents. Whereas the first progresses on a national level, the second either takes place on an international level or follows transoceanic trends that yield new objectives. Current Peruvian migration patterns illustrate the importance of migratory networks at both a national and an international level. That said, it is necessary to analyze the relationships between migration and social mobility from a sociological perspective. The various forms of social advancement and decline should be classified in terms of social indicators and economic, social, and symbolic orders.
An analysis of the geographical movements can be instructive with regard to the significance of networks. Nonetheless, it neither sufficiently addresses the living conditions and expectations that first result from the social movements of Peruvian immigrants in the community of origin (Peru), nor the building up of relationships with the expectations and the associated migration projects at the destination country (Mexico).
This project examines the strategies Peruvians use for their social mobility and how these strategies achieve greater impetus through work, education, business, and professional relationships, as well as networking and individual experience. Furthermore, special emphasis is placed on certain developments and changes in comparison to the initial pre-migration state.
The research aims to supplement the investigation of migration networks concerning the significance of changes to social structure resulting from the influence of diverse global correlations.