"Paul von Hintze: a German Diplomat in Mexico (1911-1914)"
Supervisors: Prof. Dr. Julia Preciado (CIESAS), Prof. Dr. Servando Ortoll (Centro de Investigaciones Culturales-Museo), Prof. Dr. Ricardo Pérez Montfort (CIESAS), Prof. Dr. Stefan Rinke (FU Berlin)
Between 1911 and 1914 German foreign policy activity in Mexico was represented in the figure of the admiral and minister plenipotentiary Paul von Hintze. At the time, there were several major changes regarding the position of Germany and Mexico within the international state system. At the beginning of the Mexican Revolution, Germany had two objectives in their foreign policy: avoid any conflict with the U.S, and defend their economic interests in Mexico. My purpose in this work is to address the vision of Von Hintze regarding the political and military strategies of Presidents Francisco I. Madero and Victoriano Huerta. It is clear that, due to his military training Von Hintze’s position was very different form other “career” diplomats residing in Mexico. Through Paul von Hintze, we see that our understanding of the political times, daily life and German influence on Mexico during the first part of the Mexican Revolution, sheds a light on current events. Although Von Hintze could not fulfill his intentions while in Mexico, his strategies and skills as minister plenipotentiary were highly valued by the German government and especially the Kaiser Wilhelm. My biographical study of Von Hintze is based on the theory of state, imperialism, diplomatic relations and the theory of masculinity. In war scenarios, men were expected to enact certain behavioral patterns rooted in the rites and values of manhood. Heroism was the maximum expression, followed by sacrifice and martyrdom. Parting from nineteenth century tradition, the German residents of twentieth century Mexico received strong support from the Wilhelmine imperialism. This coincided with the recent creation of the nation state of Germany and its growing competition with other European nations, within a framework of economic expansionism. The economic interests and motives behind the intervention on the internal politics of Mexico, seen in countries like Germany, France, England and the United States, helps us clarify some aspects of German capitalism and its expansion on Latin America.