“Socio-environmental conflict and its social productivity: politization, territorial resignification and resistance networks. The case of Huexca, Morelos and the Frente de Pueblos en Defensa del Agua y la Tierra, Morelos, Puebla y Tlaxcala”
Supervisor: Prof. Dr. María Fernanda Paz Salinas (UNAM)
In Mexico, there exists a particular kind of socio-environmental conflict which has recently become common. This so-called conflict is due to the impact or risk of impact that a signification by affected peoples of an imposition by a megaproject in their territories as an “injustice”, produces. This kind of conflict can be analyzed as existing “between spaces” of local and global dimensions, since they exhibit the confluence of transnational companies, national governments and local communities. In this sense they can be understood as encounter fields, which have themselves several social effects.
The objective of this research, besides understanding the international power connections that cause these conflicts, is to analyze the social productivity of these kind of disputes. I mean to analyze the social changes produced by the conflict in terms of politization and territorialization processes which would occur inside a community in conflict and also in its alliances with others through the construction of “resistances networks”.
I mean to analyze two dimensions of these effects. First, a political one that is focused on the power relation changes inside a community in conflict and the modifications produced in its public space. The second one is a territorial dimension, which is interested in the ways the conflict changes how people define, signify and control the territory in dispute. Both are expressed in the interior as well as in the exterior of the community, through its resistance links. Some of the questions I ask are: What are the changes that a conflict creates in the social relations among the local actors that find their vital space threaten by a governmental action? Which relations are modified and in what ways? In what ways does a community in resistance communicate with third parties in order to defend its territory? Which territorialities are built by the resistance networks?
The analysis is focused on the conflict produced by the construction of the Proyecto Integral Morelos, and the political and territorial changes created in the rural community of Huexca, the “heart of the project”, and in the Frente de Pueblos en Defensa de la Tierra y el Agua, Morelos, Puebla y Tlaxcala (FPDTA), a resistance network that would be originated by the conflict.