"A transnational and decolonial view towards Bolivian inmigrants in São Paulo"
Supervisors: Prof. Dr. Sara María Lara Flores (UNAM), Prof. Dr. Lorenza Villa Lever (UNAM), Prof. Dr. Sérgio Costa (FU Berlin)
After receiving Italian, German and Japanese immigrants during the 19th century, as well as Lebanese and Korean, since the beginning of 1990´s São Paulo has been enhanced as Bolivian immigrant´s destiny in a massive and unceasing way; they are mainly indigenous and low qualified population, aymaras and quéchuas.
These contingents have been inserted in human trafficking networks where slave labour predominate within the city´s textile supply chain, which is characterized by outsourcing and sponsored by clothing economic and ethnic groups, paid on a job by job basis. These immigrants face stigms concerning not only their modern slavery condition, but also their indigenous condition within a white-mullato segregating society. In spite of it all, generally they accomplish personal and familiar plans by a dressmaker-workshop facilitator pathway, shaping a sort of “brazilian dream”.
We sustain that the social construction of indigenous, slave and law perturbing immigrants legitimize and reinforce their employability under precarious labour conditions and long workdays, reaching 19 hours a day during high commercial activity seasons.