Dr. Marcelo Carreiro
PhD student in Comparative History (PPGHC/UFRJ & Freie Universität Berlin), with a tuition from CAPES, both graduated in Data Processing (PUC-RJ) and History (UFRH). With a MPhil in Comparative History by the Programa Pró-Defesa de Estudos de Relações Internacionais, Segurança e Defesa (PPGHC/UFRJ), when also had a CAPES tuition and had his dissertation recommended for publishing. Collaborative researcher for the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), works in the area of Contemporary History, with emphasis on Present Time History, in which develops researches on the subjects of international politics, international security and correlated areas of peace research.
Using the theoretical approach of peace research, I analyze how the South American military changed since the end of the cold war, verifying how a increase of the global peace (end of the Cold War) and of the regional peace (end of the military dictatorships) affected the current status of the South American military forces. On this analysis, the Brazilian case stands as a clear exception, with the military sector still conserving much of its powers since the end of the dictatorship and going into the new republic virtually unchanged as an institution. I argue that this Brazilian exception, mainly caused by a redemocratization that did not unrooted the military from power, is being more and more incompatible within a region deeply committed to regional integration and with the Brazilian ambition of being a relevant global player.