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Marco Antonio Villarruel Oviedo


International Research Training Group 'Temporalities of Future in Latin America'

Dynamics of Aspiration and Anticipation

PhD Candidate

Project: "On Literary Tradition: A Latin American Discussion"


Since 05/2019

PhD student, International Research Training Group ‘Temporalities of Future’

07/2017 – 07/2021

PhD student, El Colegio de México

08/2016 – 08/2020

Universidad Autónoma de Madrid: Doctoral Candidate. Hispanic Studies.

01/2018 – 06/2018

Doctoral Fellow, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México: Santander Iberoamérica

10/2007 – 05/2010

Master in Urban Studies, FLACSO-Ecuador

08/2003 – 12/2007

Bachelor in Economics, Universidad San Francisco de Quito

 Work Experience

Since 05/2019

Researcher, International Research Training Group ‘Temporalities of Future’

04/2016 – 09/2016

Sociologist and specialist for rebuilding processes after the 2016 earthquake in Manabí-Ecuador

01/2016 – 06/2016

Consulting Associate, “Dinámicas urbanas a nivel socioeconómico”, Santa Cruz, Galápagos Islands

01/2013 – 12/2016

Associate Professor, Universidad Internacional SEK, Facultad de Ciencias Ambientales, Quito, Ecuador

08/2011 – 12/2011

Lecturer, Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, FLACSO-Ecuador

07/2009 – 08/2012

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ecuador, Third Secretary, Political Analysis Area.

Project: "On Literary Tradition: A Latin American Discussion"

Against several metropolitan literary conceptualizations, the idea of a Latin American literary tradition, and its subsidiary notion, the canon, has been scrutinized in a very sporadic fashion. This can possibly be attributed to a supposedly polycentric and expansive spirit of Latin American literature, whose critical efforts had, during foundational moments, a solid will to define it as an aesthetical endeavor based on self-determination and an estrangement of colonial influences.

Although the mainstream approach on literary tradition can lead to the conservative emphasis that prioritizes the need of a literary custody of literary heritage rather than regarding it as a field of political and aesthetical confrontations, this doctoral dissertation seeks to conceptualize a Latin American definition of literary tradition drawing upon discussions and controversies that shape it as an “apparatus of futures”: More than a constraint on the assemblage of a canonical list, Latin American literary criticism attempted to establish an initiation point intending to designate possible future literary pathways. Following this, José Carlos Mariátegui´s understanding on the idea of literary tradition will be assessed, with particular attention on the texts that reflect his open dissension against the figure and literary works of José de la Riva Agüero, a then-prominent Peruvian conservative and Hispanic scholar. After this, the bitter controversy between Julio Cortázar and José María Arguedas will shed light on the antagonisms of the idea of Latin America´s aesthetical legacy, as well as the one that confronted Mario Vargas Llosa and Ángel Rama, who had a strong confrontation about the nature of literary creation in Latin America during the first years of the seventies. Finally, the dissertation will reach its end with an analysis of literary repositioning and canonizing strategies coming from the area that has been most concerned about erecting a matrix of ultimate historical and aesthetical texts: The U.S. academic system.


Villarruel, Marco Antonio (2011): Ciudad y derrota: Memoria urbana liminar en la narrativa hispanoamericana contemporánea, Quito: FLACSO-Ecuador 


Villarruel, Marco Antonio (2017): “Convergence des antipodes: Álvaro Enrigue et Yuri Herrera”, L'Atelier du Roman, 92: https://www.latelierduroman.com/

Book chapter

Villarruel, Marco Antonio (2013): The Contemporary Spanish-American Novel. London: Bloomsbury.  

Villarruel, Marco Antonio (2009): "Volubles binarios: migración latinoamericana en la nueva narrativa española y ecuatoriana", in: Maria Fernanda Troya (ed.): Ministerio de Cultura del EcuadorArte y Cambio Social, Quito: FLACSO-Ecuador, pp. 237-253

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