“Latin America and Its Asymmetric Relations with China: Case Studies Concerning Mexican and Chilean Foreign Policy Towards China. 1990-2010”
Supervisors: Prof. Dr. Marianne Braig (FU Berlin) and Prof. Dr. Günther Maihold (FU Berlin)
The emergence of China as a power player in Latin America is one of the major events in the region at the beginning of the century. Its rapid growth, positioning on the international stage, and its impact as a new player in the Latin American context is generating direct and indirect effects.
The relevance of the research, in how it is key for Latin American countries, considers the emergence of China in its foreign policy, based on the redefinition of China in the political, economic, cultural and geo-strategic space of the region.
The aim is to analyze the new stage of relations between China and Latin America, through the cases of Mexico and Chile, in order to understand the profile of its foreign policy in comparative terms. The main question is: How is Mexico's foreign policy toward China and Chile between 1990-2010 shaped?
The problem is to investigate cases of opposites within the region in their relations with China cases. On the one hand, Mexico has a negative trade balance, competes for the US market, and its approach to foreign policy toward China has been discontinued during the period of study. On the other hand, Chile was the first Latin American country to sign a Free Trade Agreement with China, has a positive trade balance and a foreign policy vision was of long duration. However, for both countries, an asymmetrical relationship with China has been emphasized since the nineties, presenting important questions for the future.
The contribution of the research is that it is the first comparative analysis of foreign policy of two Latin American countries against China for two decades. It is a complex exercise that contributes to rethink the axes of foreign policy of Mexico and Chile to China.