“The construction of the category ‘victim’ in the process of transitional justice in Colombia. A feminist perspective”
Supervisors: Prof. Dr. Günther Maihold (FU Berlin) and Prof. Dra. Marianne Braig (FU Berlin)
The main objective of my research project is to gain a better understanding of how and why transitional justice (TJ) is used in Colombia during the ongoing conflict and the consequences arising with respect to the possible role of "victim" as political actors. In this context, two dimensions of TJ are of particular importance: TJ as a discourse and TJ as a practice. Through a critical analysis of the process of institutionalization of TJ in Colombia I examine who the actors of TJ are, what kind of discourses they construct and through which practices they become manifest. In particular, the interrelations and tensions between the dominant discursive construction of the category "victim" and the constitution of political subjectivities will be analyzed. The focal question is: How does the discourse of of TJ, taking into account the conditions of the simultaneity of TJ and armed conflict, as well as the specific manifestations of statehood in Colombia and the prevailing gender constructions, influence the constitution of political subjectivities?
My research project is based on a social constructivist line of research within the scientific TJ literature, that I expand with the use of the gender perspective.