Luis Aguirre Montaño
International Research Training Group "Between Spaces"
Movements, Actors and Representations of Globalisation
Project: "When the river became frontier: comercial routes, social networks and globalisation in the Rio Plata area during the formation of national states"
|since 2006||Bachelor Career in History, Faculty of Philosophy and Arts, UNAM|
|2004 - 2008||Bachelor Degree in Economics, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana. Medal University Merit promotion 2004-2008|
|2009 - 2014||Master-Degree, Facultad de Economía, UNAM in Economic History|
|since 2012||Associate professor in the Faculty of Economics, UNAM. Subjects: Economic History of Mexico I & II|
|since 2012||Associate professor in the Faculty of Philosophy and Arts, UNAM. Subjects: Mexico, History, Economy and Society I & II|
|2013||Update, inspect and edition of the subejct Economic History of Mexico in the System of Distance Education of the Faculty of Economics, UNAM|
|Seit 2012||Scholarship in the Project CONACyT CB-2011/168120 "Globalización comercial, corporaciones y redes de negocios en Hispanoamérica, siglos XVIII-XIX" under the leadership of the Dr. Antonio Ibarra. Documentary research in “Archivo Histórico de Notarías de la Ciudad de México” and the “Archivo General de la Nación” in Uruguay|
|2010 - 2011||Research stay in the Faculty of Social Sciences, Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay|
“When the river became frontier: comercial routes, social networks and globalisation in the Rio Plata area during the formation of national states”
Supervisor: Prof. Dr. José Antonio Ibarra Romero (UNAM)
The last decades of the eighteenth century meant for the Hispanic Empire in America the moment when its flame burned strongest before dying, being the Bourbon reforms the fuel that lit it. These restructured and disrupted the imperial socioeconomic arrangement that had already been shaken by the interference of the European powers throughout the eighteenth century. Political, economic and social conflict that would fragment the Empire and reconfigure regional spaces in a new political dispensation in the process of globalization nineteenth was thus opened.
The Rio de la Plata, by its remoteness from traditional Hispanic political and economic focus, enjoyed some insulation and also gained a geopolitical importance. Its relationship with the Portuguese Empire, and its eighteenth ally England is remarkable. Montevideo and Buenos Aires were part of the same port complex, and their relationship was more complementary than confrontational. However, the Rio de la Plata would turn into a political border with the passing of the first decades of the nineteenth century.
Regional fragmentation, product of the clash between empires and the formation of Ibero-American national states, was observed. In the Plata estuary the May Revolution in Buenos Aires in 1810 was the insurrectional focus. However, on the opposite bank of the River and social initial policy response was more reactionary. Montevideo was consecrated as the focus of loyalist resistance, and finally divorced from Buenos Aires. The game of loyalties would have a different political expression in the various episodes of the confrontational road forming an independent republic in the territory which is now Uruguay.
The lens of observation will be the unionized trade in the region, to thus show that in the period of Brazilian regime in the Eastern Band exists the real germ of a political and economic system clearly divorced from the other side of the river. During theCisplatin administration, the Brazilian Empire was able to establish in the small region of the Eastern Band a truly contrary to the policy of Buenos Aires. Thus forming, by omission, two different republics in the Plata.
(2014), ‘El sistema colonial del Antiguo Régimen y el cambio institucional de independencia: el caso comparado de México y Uruguay’, in Pedrero, Gloria y Graciela Badía (comps.), Homenaje a Enrique Semo, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México: Toluca, p. 458-470.