Investigation of intercultural communication spaces in ancient Peru using the example of the Formative Period settlement of the Cayán settlement chamber
Freie Universität Berlin
The exceptional location of the Quebrada Orcón-Pacaybama at the intersection of the cultural-historical development of Central Andean pre-Hispanic history creates the prerequisite for the elaboration of a chronologically differentiating concept of the economic and socio-cultural spatial organization on the western slope of the Central Andes from the beginning of the first human settlement to the colonial period. Using the example of the settlement chamber of Cayán, its importance as an intercultural communication space and topographical connecting route between the highlands and the coast in the Formative period will be investigated. The large-scale architecture found here will be classified in absolute as well as relative chronological terms. Its relation to the natural environment and its socio-cultural integration is to be fathomed. By researching written sources from the colonial period, additional information on the use of space and the ideological significance of the study zone in the pre-Hispanic and early colonial periods will be obtained, which will allow conclusions to be drawn about the outstanding importance of the settlement chamber in the pre-Hispanic period. The research will serve to develop more general hypotheses about the intercultural network of relations on the western slope of the Andes.