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Leonel Hernández Polo


International Research Training Group 'Temporalities of Future'

PhD Candidate


Project: "Future aspirations and scholarly levels of Second-Generation Young Mexican Immigrants in the United States of America"


Since 05/2023

PhD Fellow of International Research Training Group “Temporalities of Future”

Since 08/2022

PhD Candidate, Facultad de Ciencias Políticas y Sociales, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.

08/2012 – 07/2014

Master of Science in the specialty of Educational Research, Research and Advanced Studies Center of the National Polytechnic Institute of Mexico (Cinvestav)

08/2001 – 06/2005

Bachelor in Pedagogy, National Pedagogical University of Mexico (UPN-México)


Work Experience

09/2017 – 07/2019

Chief of ICT’s Department for Educational Projects, National Institute for Adult Education (INEA-México).

03/2008 – 08/2017

Assistant Professor of Pedagogy, National Pedagogic University of Mexico (UPN-México)

09/2015 – 12/2015

Chief of Project, National Teacher Evaluation, National Institute for Educational Evaluation (INEE-México)

03/2014 – 06/2016

Assistant Research, Institute of Social Studies, National Autonomous University of Mexico (IIS-UNAM). Project: Higher education, social inequality and opportunities, directed by Dr. Lorenza Villa Lever.

08/2009 – 08/2012

Assistant Research, National Pedagogic University of Mexico (UPN-México). Project: Comparative education and educational interventionist between Mexico and Spain, directed by Dr. Teresa de Jesús Negrete Arteaga.

Project: "Future aspirations and scholarly levels of Second-Generation Young Mexican Immigrants in the United States of America"

Supervisor: Dr. Lorenza Villa Lever, IIS-UNAM

This research aims to understand how second-generation of young Mexican immigrants create their future aspirations on inequality contexts in the United States of America and carry out a comparative analysis between who have acceded to tertiary education level and who have stayed out of school. During the comparison, the research attempts to find what extreme life situations and vital chances affect their trajectories, what kind of circumstances define stay in or out of the higher education, how young interpret the uncertainties and how do they act in order to define their future aspirations.

Major of immigrant young people have high expectations and desires to continue their education after High School despite of their low possibilities. However, the transition rate to higher education levels remains low. This can be caused by the complexities of the education system in the United States, the confusions for access to financing and contrast between the optimistic thought and the lack of awareness about complex realities in a country that assumes the narrative “the land of opportunity”, while deep inequalities remain. Here there are a permanent fight between the capabilities to aspire and real conditions in inequality contexts.

Thus, we can ask: How does second-generation of young Mexican immigrants that are studying tertiary education in the United States of America create their future aspirations? How do create them who are out of tertiary education? In what manner migrant backgrounds of the families and current socio-cultural contexts are related in future aspirations creation? To answering these questions, the life stories of young people will be recovered in their three temporalities: 1) family and migration background; 2) status and current conditions of young people and their families and 3) the creating processes of their future aspirations.


Hernández Polo, L., Hernández Vázquez, M.R. & Murillo Calvo, N. (2019) Interacciones. Libro Integrado 5 y 6. México: Pearson Educación. ISBN: 9786073248822 (5°) & 9786073248846 (6°). [Interactions. Complete Student’s Book. Primary Education. Levels 5 & 6]. [In Spanish]

Hernández Polo, L. (2017) Interventores Educativos. Matices de una nueva profesión. México: Secretaría de Educación Pública - Universidad Pedagógica Nacional. ISBN 978-607-413-271-7. [Educational Interventionists. Nuances of a New Profession. Mexico: Ministry of Public Education]. [In Spanish].


Hernández Polo, Leonel (2021) Ilustración y liberación del ser humano en México siglo XVIII: aportaciones de Bartolache y de De Alzate a la educación. En: Escalera Bourillon, J. (Coord.) (2021) La teoría pedagógica en la escuela: miradas de ayer y hoy. México: Universidad Pedagógica Nacional. ISBN 978-607-413-391-2. Philosophy of Illustration and human freedon in Mexico, 18th century: contributions to theory education of Barteloche & De Alzate philosophers. [In Spanish].

Hernández Polo, L. (2018) Agencia desde la colectividad para la búsqueda de la igualdad en una sociedad desigual. En: El futuro de la igualdad en América Latina y el Caribe: ensayos breves. (LC/TS.2018/115). Santiago: Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), Naciones Unidas. [Potentiating agency from a collective place: Toward equality of opportunities in an unequal society. ECLAC - United Nations (2018). The Future of Equality in Latin America and the Caribbean: Short Essays]. [In Spanish].

Hernández Polo, L. (2017) Agencia y oportunidades. El papel de las redes para aprovechar las oportunidades estructurales en un contexto rural-urbano. En: Villa Lever, L. (Coord.) (2017) La construcción de oportunidades educativas en contextos de desigualdad. México: UNAM, Instituto de Investigaciones Sociales: Conacyt. ISBN: 978-607-02-9402-0. [Agency and opportunities. Functions of the networks to overcome disadvantages in a rural-urban context]. [In Spanish].


Hernández Polo, L. (2016) Redes de interventores educativos. Experiencias de formación y de campo laboral en una zona rural-urbana del estado de Morelos, México. Revista Interamericana de Educación de Adultos, Año 38 • número 2 • julio - diciembre de 2016, CREFAL-México. ISSN 0188-8838. [Network practices of the Educational Interventionist. Experiences and job training field in a rural-urban area of the state of Morelos, Mexico] [In Spanish].

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