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Miriam García Apolonio


International Research Training Group 'Temporalities of Future'

PhD Candidate

Project: “The post-Tridentine ritual and its music during the Jesuit missionary work in America”


Since 06/2022

PhD Candidate, International Research Training Group “Temporalities of Future”, Berlin

Since 08/2019

PhD Candidate, Centro de Estudios Históricos, El Colegio de México

08/2012 – 08/2014

Master’s degree in History, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

08/2006 – 08/2011

Bachelor in Latin American Studies, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México


Work Experience

Since 06/2022

Researcher, International Research Training Group “Temporalities of Future”

Since 01/2021

Researcher, Project: Seminario Formación Política de México, siglos XVI-XX, El Colegio de México

10/2014 – 07/2019

High school history teacher at El Colegio de Bachilleres, México

08/2010 - 08/2012

Professor assistant, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

06/2009 – 07/2012

Classical Latin teacher, Academia de Lenguas Clásicas Fray Alonso de la Veracruz, Puebla

Project: “The post-Tridentine ritual and its music during the Jesuit missionary work in America”

Supervisor: Dr. Bernd Hausberger, El Colegio de México

To study the Jesuit missionary phenomenon in America, it must be taken into account that their Christianization tools had to be adjusted to the needs of each space and the indigenous traditions in order to be accepted. Starting from this premise, I assume that the mission was a hybrid phenomenon. Its function corresponded to the disciplining promoted in Europe, with which it was sought to manufacture submissive bodies (in terms of political obedience), useful (in terms of economic utility), and faithful (in terms of religious obedience). However, not all of their homogenization methods were approved by the Indians, so they had to negotiate. Therefore, the capacity for subordinate action made it possible to delineate these future hybrid expressions in their way of appropriating the Christian imaginary.

Considering this, my doctoral thesis aims to show how in the post-Tridentine Catholic ritual and its music these appropriations and hybrid expressions are elucidated, which means that I want to see how they transformed long-term collective behavior, and finally I intend to elucidate how the ritual and sound art affected the formation of new conceptions of time. These symbolic languages that I want to analyze are part of a broader religious program whose projections into the future consisted of Christianizing the natives, making them loyal to the Church and the Spanish monarchy, as well as preparing them to acquire the salvation of their souls. In the same way, these aspirations must be understood as the result of heterogeneous phenomena where the political, religious, economic, social, negotiations and cultural exchanges, the circulation of objects, people, and knowledge interacted; all this in the missionary context of the Society of Jesus in America.

Chapters (selection)

García Apolonio, Miriam (2019): “¡Qué valiente era Heraclio Bernal! El bandido como efigie del malestar político y el anhelo social del México porfirista”, in Juan Frajoza (ed.), Aromas de pólvora quemada. Música y cantos de bandidos, México: Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia.

------------------------------- (2011): “La música guaraní: palabra para ser vista y oída”, in M. Magallón Anaya, I. Palacios Contreras (eds.), Historiografía crítica y visiones del mundo latinoamericano, México: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.

------------------------------- (2009): “Justo Sierra (1848-1912)”, in E. Dussel, E. Mendieta, C. Bohórquez (eds.), El pensamiento filosófico latinoamericano, del Caribe y “latino” (1300-2000), México, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.


Articles (selection)

García Apolonio, Miriam (2022): “Enferdad y miedo a la muerte. La peste del Paraguay en las reducciones guaraníticas”, IHS Antiguos Jesuitas en Iberoamérica, 10: 1-19.

-------------------------------(2019): “La música coral como estrategia de integración social en las misiones jesuitas de la Antigua California”, Carta Tepa Mayo 4, 1: 63-80.

Consejo Nacional de Ciencia e Technologia
Banner Dahlem Research School