M.A. Mauricio Lara Martínez
Freie Universität Berlin
Altamerikanistik/Kultur- und Sozialanthropologie
2018 Phd Student in Cultural and Social Anthropology - Institute for Latin American Studies
2014 Master in Anthropology - Universidad Academia de Humanismo Cristiano
2010 Bachelor in History - Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Scholarships and Awards
Februar 2018 - Juli 2021: Scholarship holder of the Program ‘Becas Chile’, National Commission for Scientific and Technological Research (CONICYT) and German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD).
August 2011 - December 2012: Teacher Assistant in "Anthropological foundations of Psychology" at the Universidad Católica de Chile.
August 2014 - Dezember 2015: Teacher Assistant in “Laboratory of Ethnography II”, “Laboratory of Ethnography III” and “Anthropology and masculinities” at the Universidad Alberto Hurtado.
Doctoral Thesis Project
"Homelessness, gender and agency" is a historic, ethnographic, qualitative and gender-based study of homelessness in two communes in Santiago de Chile and two in Berlin from 2005 to now. Since 2005 both states transformed their position on the issue with the presence of neoliberal policies, with absolutely different impacts. Thus, my objective is to relieve the socioeconomic, individual, sociocultural and psychological causes of homelessness or street situation and analyze how the people who live it and the institutions that relate to them respond. The question can be divided into three: What are the historical, social and individual causes of men, women and families having reached the homelessness from 2005 to now in Santiago de Chile and Berlin Germany? In relation to this situation, how do the identities of sex, gender and class determine representations about family, society and state? And how do these identities and representations determine how people move inside homelessness and how they relate and resist to/against institutions and others? This project, considering how men and women live in homelessness, starts from the gender constructions of men and women in this context of inequality through an ethnographic and historiographic study, relieving the heterogeneous experiences related to the sexual, gender and class identities, opening the subject beyond the male experience. The qualitative consideration, which is very incipient, must take into account the individual, relational, structural and institutional faces, because historically have been the individual reasons the explication of the condition in homelessness. The qualitative consideration must consider as well a critique of the representation that has been made of homeless people both from state institutions and the academic world as a male subject, circumscribed to the most chronic and dominant population group, therefore more visible, making the situations of the most transient population invisible or more difficult to find, where the proportion of women increases considerably.Individual reasons for living on the street or in a shelter, such as alcohol or drug use, mental illness, economic or family breakdown, amorous depressions or physical disability, should be highlighted in a context of poverty and historical and structural marginality, which is determined by the structures of gender and patriarchy. This gives rise to a great variability, where people has different responses and resistances depending on personal and collective histories, strongly determined or in relation to their personal interpretations of their position in the sex/gender system and in the system of social classes.
November 2015 - January 2016 Interviewer CASEN 2015 in the Departament of Microdata - Universidad de Chile
March 2015 - September 2015 Research Assistant in a study of school dynamics and other indicators of quality (OIC) - CIDE-Universidad Alberto Hurtado
January 2015 - December 2015 Research Assistant Fondecyt N° 11140871 "Pupilas vacías, o el acto de observar puertas adentro de la calle. Un estudio comparativo de fotografía participativa, representaciones sociales y situación de calle".
October 2014 - January 2015 Vulnerable Groups Especialist - Ministerio de Desarrollo Social
June 2012 - June 2014 Master Researcher Fondecyt Nº 1120425 Project
March 2011 - November 2011 Co-executor Fondart Project
January 2014 Presentation of "Antropología histórica de la ganadería y la domesticación en Población" in the seminar “encrucijadas entre nuevas identidades de género, familia y trabajo" - Universidad Academia de Humanismo Cristiano
January 2015 Presentation of "Antropología histórica de la ganadería y la domesticación en Población" in the 5th Masculinities Colloquium - Facso, Universidad de Chile
January 2018 Presentation of "Homelessness, gender and agency" in Sozial Medizin School Berlin.